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Present Indicative of the verbs in “e” (3rd conjugation)

 

Play: present indicative verbs in -e

Verbs with the infinitive ending "e" are considered verbs of the 3rd conjugation.

Examples: a merge (to go), a scrie (to write), a deschide (to open), a trimite (to send), a începe (to start), a crede (to believe).

 

The Present Indicative is formed from the verb root. If the infinitive is "a merge", the verb root is "merg" (without the infinitive suffix "e"). If the infinitive form is "a deschide", the verb root is "deschid" etc.

After obtaining the root, the following endings must be added: Ø (1st person singular), -i (2nd person singular), -e (3rd person singular), -em (1st person plural), -eți (2nd person plural), Ø (3rd person plural).

 

Examples

A merge (engl. to go), a începe (engl.to start / to begin),a crede (engl. to believe)

A merge

A începe

A crede

Eu merg

Eu încep

Eu cred

Tu mergi

Tu începi

Tu crezi

El / ea merge

El / ea începe

El / ea crede

Noi mergem

Noi începem

Noi credem

Voi mergeți

Voi începeți

Voi credeți

Ei / ele merg

Ei / ele încep

Ei / ele cred

 

The consonant "d" as a last letter in the 1st person singular (cred, deschid) becomes "z" in the 2nd person singular (crezi, deschizi).

The 1st person singular has the same form as the 3rd person plural:

Eu cred / ei cred (I believe / they believe).

Eu merg / ei merg (I go / they go)

Some verbs receive the ending "u" in the 1st person singular and in the 3rd person plural.

 

A scrie (engl.to write)

Eu scriu

Noi scriem

Tu scrii

Voi scrieți

El / ea scrie

Ei / ele scriu

 

The negative form

Particle "nu" must be added in front of the verb:

 

Eu nu scriu

Noi nu scriem

Tu nu scrii

Voi nu scrieți

El / ea nu scrie

Ei / ele nu scriu

 

Mona Moldoveanu Pologea, PhD Linguist

ROLANG School Managing Director