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Adverbs and adverbial phrases

Play: adverbs

Adverbs are important parts of speech in Romanian. If you want to use an adverb into a sentence, you can place the adverb in front of the verb or after the verb. Its position is not fixed.

Example

Acum am de scris un email (I have to write an email now) or

Am de scris un email acum.

Usual adverbs in Romanian

acum = engl. now

aici = engl. here

acolo = engl. there

ieri = engl. yesterday

alaltăieri = engl. the day before yesterday

astăzi (azi) = engl. today

mâine = engl. tomorrow

poimâine = engl. the day after tomorrow

mereu /întotdeauna = engl. always

niciodată = engl. never

uneori = engl. sometimes

Adverbial phrases

în fiecare zi = engl. every day

în fiecare dimineață = engl. every morning

în fiecare seară = engl. every evening

acum 3 zile (cu 3 zile în urmă) = engl. three days ago

săptămâna aceasta (asta) = engl. this week

anul acesta (ăsta) = engl. this year

săptămâna trecută = engl. last week

anul trecut = engl. last year

săptămâna viitoare / următoare = engl. next week

anul viitor / următor = engl. next year

Remarks

The adverbial phrase “în fiecare zi” is used only when it expresses a time point.

Ex.: Merg la piață în fiecare zi (I go to the market every day).

If we have a sentence like “Every day is beautiful”, the Romanian translation is:

Fiecare zi este frumoasă,

because “every day” (“fiecare zi”) is the subject of our sentence.

In this case, we don't use the preposition “în” in front of the phrase.

The rule is available for all the similar phrases (în fiecare dimineață – every morning, în fiecare seară – every evening, în fiecare an – every year).

The difference between the phrases “săptămâna trecută / viitoare” and “anul trecut / viitor” is the following: “săptămâna” is a feminine noun and “anul” is a masculine noun. In Romanian, the first word of a phrase is usually the noun. If the noun is masculine / feminine, the adjective will be in the masculine / feminine form as well. In our case, “trecută / viitoare” is feminine and “trecut / viitor” is masculine.

Exercise:

Write sentences using the following adverbs and phrases:

acum (now), mâine (tomorrow), în fiecare zi (every day), săptămâna viitoare (next week).

 

Mona Moldoveanu Pologea, PhD Linguist
ROLANG School Managing Director